At the beginning of the 20th century, skyscrapers rose in major cities in the United States, the most legendary of which was the Woolworth Building. This skyscraper in New York City was designed by architect Cass Gilbert and built in 1913. The Woolworth Building is a masterpiece of early skyscrapers.
The Woolworth Building was funded by Frank W. Woolworth, the founder of the "Five and Dime" grocery store. In August 1910, Mr. Woolworth told the architect that he only invested in building a 42-story building as long as it was taller than the Singer Building, the second tallest skyscraper in the world at the time. The tallest skyscraper at the time was the MetLife Insurance Company Building.
Interestingly, the Woolworth Building surpassed the MetLife Insurance Company Building and became the tallest building in the world. The Gothic Woolworth Building achieves a perfect unity of aesthetics and height. When inaugurated in 1913, it was the tallest building in the world and a ground-level icon full of magic and romance. This post introduces more facts about the actual size of the Woolworth Building.
Description of Woolworth Building Size
The building was designed to be 57 floors, an unimaginable height at the time, and its pyramid-shaped spire was approximately 792 feet high. Architect Cass Gilbert was known in the United States for designing luxurious, stately civil buildings (mainly in a classical architectural style). Architect Gilbert adopted the Gothic architectural tone, widening the column and main tower piers at the corners of the building's support, which are not blocked by any horizontal building. The Gothic leaf tips and leaf rolls on the top of the building are so large that they can be seen clearly from the street. Its interior is decorated with mosaics inspired by the barrel arches of early Christian churches, stained glass skylights, marble walls, bronze furniture, and some quirky plasterwork.
Although the Woolworth Building has no innovation in the construction technology of skyscrapers, the elevator of the building is excellent. It is said that it was not only the fastest elevator in the world at that time but also can be used for the first time to indicate the location of the building through the indicator lights on the signal board. The safety performance of the elevator system in the Woolworth Building was also the best in the world then, which became an important factor in attracting tenants and tourists.
Height of the Woolworth Building、
Originally planned to be 625 feet tall, the Woolworth Building is 241 meters (792 feet) tall when completed, with 57 floors. In 1929, when the 318.8-meter-tall Chrysler Building was completed, the Woolworth Building lost its title of "the World's Tallest Skyscraper," which it holds 16 years. The resulting building was a great feat of engineering and construction at that time: 241 meters, 57 stories, £206 million, 6 hectares of land, 3,000 exterior windows, 24,000 tons of steel, 17,000,000 bricks, and 7,500 tons of Terracotta. Numerous innovations lie beneath the neo-Gothic architectural appearance.
|Total Height||241 m (792 ft)|
|Number of Elevator||34|
The Woolworth Building is an innovative and elegant early skyscraper. Its iconic form on the New York skyline continues to this day. The Woolworth Building is a splendid monument to New York City's increasing economic advantages, and it has been dubbed the "Cathedral of Commerce." The building's ornate edifice is a work of art showcasing spires, monsters, and cornices. Still, its most ornate details and artistic treasures are located in a cathedral-like interior featuring a dazzling landmark's lobby. Although the height of the Woolworth Building is not worth mentioning among the skyscrapers in the world today, no skyscraper in the United States has ever brought such a huge shock to people.