Tower Bridge is a suspension bridge across the River Thames, named for its proximity to the Tower of London. It is the first bridge from the Thames Estuary (a total of 15 bridges on the River Thames) and is also a London symbol. The bridge was built in 1886 and opened to the public on June 30, 1894, connecting the North and South London districts.
In the second half of the 19th century, the rise of commerce in London's East End led to the need for a new bridge across the Thames. But the bridge cannot be built as a traditional fixed bridge, as it is necessary to ensure the normal passage of the port facilities between London Bridge and the Tower of London.
The design of Tower Bridge in London has a certain status in the world bridge construction industry. The Tower Bridge is designed to meet the shipping and road traffic needs. The upper beams support the two towers, and the lower deck allows pedestrians and vehicles to pass. If the ship comes, the lower deck will be automatically hoisted to let it pass. Let's learn more details about the Tower Bridge's size.
Description of the Tower Bridge Size
Construction of Tower Bridge started in 1886 and took eight years to complete, with the participation of five major construction companies and a total of 432 construction workers. About 70,000 tons of cement was used for the two strong piers, and 11,000 tons of steel was used for the tower and bridge body. The bridge tower's steel frame and body are covered with granite and Portland stone to protect the frame and increase its beauty. All the costs are a testament to the grand scale of this historic bridge.
If the ship needs to pass, the lower deck can be raised automatically, and pedestrians can divert to pass through the upper deck. There are shops and bars on the bridge, and even on rainy and snowy days, pedestrians can shop, chat or look at the scenery on both sides of the strait. The hydraulic machinery is used to open and close the bridges weighing 1,000 tons each. Since 1894, the mechanical function has never failed. After the ship whistles, the system can raise the deck in just one minute.
The Tower Bridge Dimensions
The Tower Bridge is about 245 meters long and provides an opening 76 meters wide. Four stone towers connect the ends of the Tower Bridge; two main towers are 65 meters high above the River Thames. The two bridge foundations in the river are 7.6 meters high and 76 meters apart.
The bridge's main deck supports two traffic lanes with a width of 10.67m, which pass between two pedestrian walkways of 3.81m, the suspension sections, and in the swinging opening section of the bridge, with the walkways separated from the road by fences. The pedestrian walkways are 44 meters above the river at high tide.
|Total Length||245 m (804 ft)|
|Openning Width||76 m (250 ft)|
|Tower Height||65 m (213 ft)|
|Deck Height||44 m (144 ft)|
Attractions of the Tower Bridge
Since 1894, the London Tower Bridge has been one of the most recognizable bridges in the world. It is a sophisticated bascule bridge that provides a full view of the city through a glass-enclosed walkway with museums in each tower house. There are three places in Tower Bridge worth visiting.
- The first part is the Tower Bridge Exhibition in the North Tower, which records the history of Tower Bridge from its original design to its completion. The huge Victorian-style steps in the tower will bring visitors back to 19th-century London.
- The second part is the most popular glass promenade. Standing at the height of 42 meters on the Thames, through the glass floor, you can see the pedestrians, vehicles, and passing boats on the bridge; if you are lucky, You can also see the tower bridge folded below. Plus, Tower Bridge hosts a monthly morning Yoga session on the glass promenade overlooking London to start an energetic day.
- The third part is the Victorian Engine Rooms, located on the south side of Tower Bridge, where you can see the well-preserved engines and various mechanical equipment on display and learn about the technology of Tower Bridge operation.
Tower Bridge has a long history, attracting the world's attention with its majestic twin towers on bridge, and is also regarded as a symbol of London. As the most popular attraction in the city of London, Tower Bridge has been featured in many classic movies and documentaries, such as Harry Potter, Notting Hill, 007, etc. Tower Bridge is often confused with London Bridge by tourists. London Bridge is located upstream of Tower Bridge, and the two bridges are about 1 km apart.