The Yellow River is a large river located in northern China. It is one of the most famous long rivers in the world and the second-longest river in China. The Yellow River is the most important birthplace of Chinese civilization, and the Chinese call it the "Mother River."
The Yellow River originates from the Yoguzonglie Basin at the northern foot of the Bayan Har Mountains on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. It flows into the Bohai Sea from west to east through nine provinces (autonomous regions), Qinghai, Sichuan, Gansu, Ningxia, Inner Mongolia, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Henan, and Shandong.
In the Yellow River Basin, the winter is long, the summer is short, the temperature difference between winter and summer is huge, and the seasonal temperature changes are distinct. The overall precipitation is small, mainly in dryland agriculture, and the precipitation is concentrated in summer and autumn (July to August).
The Yellow River Introduction
The Yellow river rises in the southern Qinghai province on the Plateau of Tibet. It crosses six other provinces and two autonomous regions in its course to the Bo Hai, an embayment of the Yellow Sea of the North Pacific Ocean. The Yellow River basin is the earliest developed area in China, even globally. When most countries were ignorant, the hard-working and brave ancestors of Chinese people labored and lived on this vast land and created a splendid ancient culture. In Chinese history, the diversion of the lower Yellow River had a huge impact on human civilization.
The upper reaches of the Yellow River are dominated by mountains, while plains and hills dominate the middle and lower reaches. Because the middle section of the river flows through the Loess Plateau of China, it entrains a lot of sediment; it is known as the river with the most sediment in the world. Every year, 1.6 billion tons of sediment are carried, of which 1.2 billion tons flow into the sea, and the remaining 400 million tons remain in the lower reaches of the Yellow River for many years, forming an alluvial plain, which is conducive to planting.
The Yellow River is about 5,464 kilometers (3,395 miles) long; it is the country's second-longest river and is surpassed only by the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang).
Its drainage area is about 752,443 square kilometers, the third-largest in China. The average flow rate of the Yellow River is 1,800 cubic meters per second. Its biggest tributary is the Wei River, which flows past Xi'an.
The Yellow River Basin has a vast territory and numerous mountains, and the height difference between the east and west is huge. The topography of each region is also very different. And because the basin is in the middle latitudes, it is more complicated by the influence of atmospheric circulation and monsoon circulation. Therefore, the climate of different regions in the basin has significant differences and great seasonal changes. The basin has less precipitation, concentrated in July and August in summer and autumn.
Its basin was the center of Chinese politics, economy, and culture for over 2,000 years. As the Chinese developed agriculture on the plain, they became more adept at building levees to stabilize the channel and protect the inhabitants against the floods brought by shifts in the channel. Breaks in the levees have been more frequent than course changes throughout history. Such events have triggered cataclysmic floods in history. In recent decades, the construction of major water conservancy junctions has rationalized the flood control system in the Yellow River Basin and provided water for irrigation and hydroelectric power generation. Erosion control measures on the Loess Plateau have also reduced downstream silt load.