The Jing-Hang Grand Canal was built in the Spring and Autumn Period. It is the ancient canal with the longest mileage and the largest engineering project in the world, and it is also one of the oldest canals. The canal is still in use today. It was recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2014.
The Grand Canal starts from Hangzhou in the south and reaches Beijing in the north. It passes through the four provinces of Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Shandong, Hebei, and two municipalities: Tianjin and Beijing. It passes through 18 cities and runs through the five major water systems of the Haihe, Yellow, Huaihe, Yangtze, and Qiantang Rivers. The main water source is Weishan Lake.
The flow direction, water source, and drainage and storage conditions of the Beijing-Hangzhou Canal are different in each section, which is very complicated. The ancient canal has played a huge role in the economic and cultural development and exchanges between the north and south of China, especially the industrial and agricultural economic development in the areas along the route.
The Jing–Hang Grand Canal Introduction
The Jing-Hang Grand Canal is China's second "golden waterway" after the Yangtze River. It is the earliest and longest artificial river in the world, with more than 2500 years of history. It is a great project created by the ancient Chinese working people and one of the symbols of Chinese cultural status. Looking back on China's long history, the Jing-Hang Grand Canal has undergone three major constructions, and the name was determined to be "Jing-Hang Grand Canal" after the last one.
It was built to enable successive Chinese regimes to transport surplus grain from the agriculturally rich Yangtze and Huai river valleys to feed the capital cities and large standing armies in northern China. With its unique communication function, Jing-Hang Grand Canal linked the political center and the economic center of the country together in history, the rulers of the feudal dynasties in history built the traditional water transportation system based on it, which maintained the development and stability of the dynasties.
The Jing–Hang Grand Canal Length
The Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal is 1,800 km (1,100 miles) in length, it is the world's longest constructed waterway, though, strictly speaking, not all of it is a canal. It is 9 times longer than the Suez Canal (190 kilometers) and 22 times longer than the Panama Canal (81.3 kilometers). The navigable mileage of the Canal is about 1,442 kilometers, of which the all-year navigable mileage is 877 kilometers.
The Grand Canal has played an important role in ensuring the country’s economic prosperity and stability and is still in use today as a major means of communication. The Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal belt is among the richest agricultural areas of China, where the industry and transportation are also very prosperous. The cities along the belt are also famous tourist cities in China. In order to make the "golden waterway" has "golden" benefits, the three provinces along the route have made great contributions to renovate, expand, and channelize each section of the Grand Canal, rejuvenating the millennium-old canal, and greatly improving and promoting the development of farmland water conservancy along the river.
In ancient times, the Grand Canal formed the backbone of the inland communication system, transporting grain and strategic raw materials and supplying rice to feed the population. In recent years, through the effective rectification by local governments and transportation departments, the shipping conditions of the Jing-Hang Grand Canal have been improved, and now 300-ton ships can pass successfully. The opening of the Jing-Hang Grand Canal has brought opportunities for the prosperity of China's inland shipping. The tourist resources along the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal are rich and colorful, which meet the demands of visitors of various tastes. It's worth taking a cruise to explore various folk customs along the waterway.