The Mariinsky Theater is one of the greatest opera and ballet theaters in Russia and the world. Over two centuries of history, it has become a symbol of Russian culture. When it was restored and used again on May 2, 2013, Russian President Vladimir Putin unveiled the new Mariinsky II.
The Mariinsky Theater originated in 1783 and began in 1983 under the decree of Empress Catherine II. The current Mariinsky Theater was designed by architect Kaworski and rebuilt on the site of a circus. On October 2, 1860, the theater was officially opened. From 1920 to 1935, the theater was renamed the State Academy of Opera and Ballet, and from 1935 to 1992, it was named after the leader of the Russian Revolution, Kirov.
The completion and opening of the Mariinsky Theater heralded the arrival of the golden age in the history of St. Petersburg opera. A large number of Western works translated into Russian quickly appeared on Mariinsky's stage. At the same time, masterpieces of Russian folk music, including the first batch of Russian folk operas, were staged here, one after another. Let's learn more about the architectural details of this ancient building.
Mariinsky Theater Size and Structure
The Mariinsky Theater is a historic opera and ballet theater located in St. Petersburg, Russia, and is the oldest theater in St. Petersburg. The Mariinsky Theater was named after Maria, the wife of Tsar Alexander II, who was in power at the time. The stage of the Mariinsky Theater was the largest in the world at that time, and the auditorium surrounded the stage in a U shape, according to the Italian theater. The auditorium can accommodate 1,625 spectators at the same time. Many classic plays such as "Sleeping Beauty," "The Nutcracker" and "Swan Lake" have premiered in this theater, which has witnessed historical changes and artistic development.
Built on the site of a theater decoration warehouse that burned down in 2003, Mariinsky II is one of the world's finest concert venues. Today, the construction plan of the Mariinsky Concert Hall is based on the original site, retaining the remaining facade of the original building and combining modern and traditional elements. The union of two facades in one building, the historical 1900 and the modern, symbolize the connection of the era.
Measurements and Capacity of The Mariinsky Theater
The newly remodeled theater is equipped with the most advanced stage equipment, with a total construction area of nearly 80,000 square meters, divided into 7 floors above the ground and 3 floors underground, and can accommodate 2,000 spectators.
|Number of Floor||7 above ground, 3 underground|
|Construction Area||nearly 80,000 sq m|
The Mariinsky Imperial Theater continued the tradition of the first musical theater, developed and strengthened its important place in theater culture. Throughout the theater's history, numerous distinguished artists of world renown have served in its troupe. Its ballet school It has also trained many outstanding dancers. Today, the influence of the Mariinsky Theater has once again expanded to the mainstream stages in Europe, Asia, and America, winning wide acclaim and becoming one of the most successful theaters in the world.