Swedes have an infinite fascination with lakes. They never hide their love for clear and blue lakes and even hope to live quietly by the lake for a few months a year. In the south of Karlstad, Sweden, there is a "treasure left over from the Ice Age," where the famous Mr. Nobel lived and worked. It is Lake Vanern.
Lake Vanern (Swedish: Vänern), located in southern Sweden, between Venersberg and Karlstad, is the largest lake in Northern Europe and the third-largest in Europe. It extends in the northeast-southwest direction, and the water is discharged to the southwest through the Gota River. The southern part of the lake is a component of the Göta Canal.
Lake Vanern receives many rivers, the largest of which is the Klar River. The lake flows westward into the Kattegat Strait through the Gota River. The Gota River is the main source of hydroelectric power generation in this area. This post will introduce more interesting facts about Lake Vanern.
Lake Vanern Introduction
Lake Vanern formed during the ice age about 10,000 years ago, and rare species left over from the ice age can still be found in the lake. Rocky, wooded shores surround it except in the south, where the coast is low and conducive to farming. The lake forms a major link in the Göta Canal, a waterway that crosses Sweden from Gothenburg on Sweden's west coast to Stockholm on the east coast. The lake offers Europe's largest freshwater archipelago with over 22.000 islands and islets.
There are 14 municipalities and three provinces around the same inland sea. Improvements on the Trollhätte Canal allows oceangoing craft to enter Lake Vener from the Kattegat Strait and reach the following lake ports: Karlstad, Lidköping, Vänersborg, Kristinehamn, Åmal, Säffle, and Mariestad. These towns have important industries, such as tanneries, ironworks, and paper mills.
Lake Vanern Size
Lake Vanern is the third-biggest lake in Europe after Ladoga and Onega (both in Russia), with a water surface of 5,650 square km (2,181 square miles)and a coastline of 4800 km. And its surface lies 44 meters (144 feet) above sea level, the deepest point in the lake measures about 106 meters (348 feet).
Lake Vanern is fed by a number of rivers, of which its largest contributor is the Klaralven, with 35% of the lake's income coming from it. Other tributaries are the Gullspangsalven, Byalven and Norsalven. Precipitation makes up 25% of the lake's inflow. Lake Vanern consists of two sub-basins, separated by a shallow area. The western body of water is known as Dalbosjon, and the eastern body is called Varmlandsjon. The circulation induces thermal stratification, mainly during the summer months. During spring, a special kind of horizontal stratification occurs in the shallow areas.
Lake Vanern is the most important commercial in Sweden. You will find 38 species of fish here, and the lake is important for sports- and recreational fishers. The most iconic fish in the lake is the Vanern salmon, which, unlike other species that make it to adulthood in the ocean, are known never to enter the sea during their lifecycles. The lake area is also an important habitat for various birds, with the most common sightings of terns, gulls, and cormorants.
Lake Vanern is a paradise for swimmers with many sandy beaches and shallow bays. A list of exciting activities here mentions sailing, canoeing, fishing, biking, and golf. The Spoken, a village on the shores of Lake Vanern, is one of the largest freshwater ports in Europe; it is especially famous for its handicrafts, local delicacies, and freshly smoked fish. The beauty of Lake Vanern is self-evident, and the scenery along the way from the west coast of Sweden to Lake Vanern is equally exciting and stunning.