Lake Huron is the second largest of the Great Lakes of North America, bounded on the west by Michigan (U.S.) and on the north and east by Ontario (Can.). Lake Huron was originally called La Mer Douce, or "the freshwater sea," by French explorers. It later got its name from the Huron people who lived along its shores.
Lake Huron is known for its beaches, dunes, wetlands, dense forests, diverse river systems, and dotted islands. In addition, Lake Huron has some of the most beautiful sunsets in the world, and the Pinewood Sunset was named one of the "Top 10 in the World" by National Geographic.
With the longest coastline of the Great Lakes, Lake Huron is one of the unique lakes on Earth. Lake Huron is located between Lake Michigan and Lake Superior, with Lake Erie to the south. You will learn more information about Lake Huron.
Lake Huron Introduction
Lake Huron is the fourth largest freshwater lake in the world by surface area. Lake Huron is separated from Lake Michigan, which lies at the same level, and connects by the narrow Straits of Mackinac. The shores of Lake Huron are mostly sandy beaches, gravel beaches, and cliffs. The lake area is rich in uranium, gold, silver, copper, limestone and salt, and other mineral resources. It is an important industrial area and has developed fisheries. Its coves, channels, and bays are steeped in history, including the hundreds of shipwrecks beneath its surface. The bright turquoise waters will invite you to explore all that Lake Huron offers.
Lake Huron Size
- The lake is 206 mi (331 km) long from northwest to southeast, and its maximum width is 183 mi (295 km).
- It has a total drainage basin area of 51,700 sq mi (133,900 sq km), exclusive of the lake surface area of 23,000 sq mi (59,600 sq km).
- With a mean surface height of 579 ft (176 m) above sea level, the lake reaches a maximum depth of 750 ft (229m), and the average depth is 60 m.
- It contains a volume of 850 cubic miles (3,540 km³) and a shoreline length of 3,827 miles (6,157 km), the longest of all the Great Lakes and the tortuous shoreline has created many high-quality lake bays.
|Length||506 miles (331 km)|
|Width||183 miles (295 km)|
|Surface area||23,000 square miles (59,600 square km)|
|Drainage basin area||51,700 square miles (133,900 square km)|
|Elevation||579 feet (176 m)|
|Depth||60 m average; 750 feet (229 m) maximum|
|Volume||850 cubic miles (3,540 km³)|
|Shoreline length||3,827 miles (6,157 km)|
Lake Huron has many deep-water ports, the main port is Rockport in the United States, which freezes along the lakeshore in winter, and the shipping season is limited to the beginning of April to the end of November.
All along Lake Huron's shoreline, swales, fens, bogs, and marshes are home to relatively undisturbed diverse plant and animal communities. Many lake islands are distributed in Georgia Bay in the northeast. Among them, Manitoulin Island is the largest lake island in the world (130 kilometers long and 2766 km² in the area). The more than 30,000 islands of Lake Huron also are relatively undisturbed habitats for some very rare species of plants and insects. Lake Huron's coastal wetlands and marshes provide nesting and staging sites for 30 species of wading and shoreline birds and 27 species of ducks, geese, and swans.
Lake Huron provides drinking water, recreation, livelihood, and food to approximately 3 million people in Canada and the U.S. It supplies drinking water to approximately 1.4 million people in Ontario and is home to many rare and endangered plant and animal species. Lake Huron is in prime season in July. There are a large number of detached houses and open tourist areas connected to the highways, camping, swimming, fishing in summer, and skiing in winter. Even in the peak tourist season, the lake is clean and tidy, and people live in harmony with nature.