Lake Constance (German: Bodensee) is located at the junction of Switzerland, Austria, and Germany and is jointly managed by the three countries. Lake Constance consists of three parts: Obersee, Untersee, and Uberlinger Lakes. Lake Constance is the largest freshwater lake in the German-speaking region, providing nearly 18 million cubic meters of drinking water to 4.5 million residents yearly.
Lake Constance is the third largest lake in Central Europe. Lake Constance was the main transportation center in the Middle Ages, extending in all directions. There are remains of Neolithic houses on the lake, lush forests on the hills, and beautiful scenery of the Alps, all making the lake area a famous tourist destination.
The fixed-cruise cruise ships are jointly managed and operated by different shipping companies from these three neighboring countries while offering a range of fascinating year-round activities. The "White Fleet" connects the lakeside town with the various attractions along the lake. This post will introduce more facts about Lake Constance.
Lake Constance Introduction
Lake Constance lies between northeastern Switzerland, northwestern Austria, and southwestern Germany. It is a typical glacial lake. Bodanrucken Mountain divides the lake into Unter Lake (south) and Uberlinger Lake (north). The part of the lake area in the southeast is called Ober Lake. The lake forms a part of the Rhine River basin and is geographically positioned at the northern foothills of the Alps. The Rhine River flows through the Unter Lake and Ober Lake and flows out through the Unter Lake. A number of islands can be found on the lake, of which the three largest are Reichenau (famous for the UNESCO-protected Reichenau monastery), Lindau, and Mainau.
The Bodensee area is the only area in Europe where there aren't any borders since no legally binding agreements exist about where the border should be on the lake. Switzerland considers the border should go through the middle of the lake, while Austria reckons that the contentious area should belong to the states on its bank. Germany has an ambiguous opinion. This issue is still under dispute.
Historically, Lake Constance is a political spot. Germany occupies the largest lake area, so the main attractions of Lake Constance are in Germany. The main lakeside cities include Constance, Lindau, and Friedrichshafen in Germany; Bregenz in Austria; Kreuzlingen in Switzerland. Constance city itself is a "political island," for it is the only part of Germany on the lake's southwestern shore; it is surrounded by Swiss territory, except in the northeast, where it fronts the lake.
Lake Constance Size
Lake Constance occupies an old glacier basin at an elevation of 396 meters (1,299 feet). It has an area of 541 square km (209 square miles) and is about 65 km (40 miles) long and up to 13 km (8 miles) wide, with an average depth of 90 meters (295 feet) and a maximum depth of 252 meters (827 feet) in the Ober Lake. The lake has about 200 km (125 miles) of shoreline in three countries.
The lake area has an unusually sunny and mild climate along its shores. The excellent climate is perfect for growing fruits such as apples, peaches, and strawberries. The fertile slopes along its shores support fruit-growing and wine production. And 412 different bird species and about 45 species of fish have been observed around the lake, especially in natural reserves. The common blackbird, the Chaffinch, the house sparrow, the Great Tit, and the Eurasian blackcap are some of the most frequently seen species. The region represents an important breeding area for coot and great crested grebes Spectacular.
Alpine scenery combines the mild climate and clear water to make Lake Constance a popular resort area. The beautiful surrounding cities are also a big reason for the popularity of the lake area. Europe's most beautiful river and lake cruises start in Kreuzlingen, pass the Unter Lake to Stein, and then flow down the Rhine to Schaffhausen. On the other side of the lake, cruises depart from Rorschach and travel on the romantic passage of the Old Rhine before arriving at Rheineck. No visit to Lake Constance is complete without a cruise trip.