Cord, unit of volume for measuring stacked firewood. A cord is generally equivalent to a stack 4 × 4 × 8 feet (128 cubic feet), and its principal subdivision is the cord foot, which measures 4 × 4 × 1 feet. The cord was devised to measure firewood, and it was named because a line, string, or cord was used to tie the wood into a bundle.
The valuable amount of wood a cord varies wildly, depending upon such factors as the type of wood, the size and straightness of the pieces, and the amount of bark present. The coldest days of winter are coming soon, and there is nothing quite like warming up in front of a crackling fire. If you do not have sufficient wood storage, you must buy it.
As we introduced above, firewood is measured in cords. It does a matter of confusion for people who purchase firewood for the first time. To avoid confusion, be sure to measure before you buy. The following article explained cord of wood size and how to measure it.
What is A Cord
The cord is a unit measure of dry volume used to measure pulpwood in the United States and Canada. As firewood comes in many different shapes and sizes, a cord of firewood is a stack of logs that have been packed together as tightly as possible to provide the most amount of firewood within the defined area. It is the amount of that when "stacked and well stowed" (arranged pieces are aligned, parallel, touching, and compact).
Cord Of Wood Size Guide
A cord of wood occupies a volume of 128 cubic feet, which corresponds to a well-stacked woodpile 4 feet (122 cm) high, 8 feet (244 cm) wide, and 4 feet (122 cm) deep. There are two most common ways to measure firewood: Full Cord and Face Cord. The difference between the two measurements.
- A full cord of firewood is an amount of wood that fills a space equal to 8 feet long x 4 feet high x 4 feet deep. A standard length for firewood in a full cord is 16" long, and a full cord of firewood will consist of three rows stacked 4 feet wide and 8 feet long.
- A face cord of firewood is equal to a single stack of firewood that measures 4 feet high x 8 feet long by however deep the depth of the firewood is. The length of firewood in a face cord varies, and there isn't a standard length.
- Additionally, you might hear some sellers say a rick of wood. Don't be worry about the different terminology. Some people use the term to refer to a face cord of wood; others use it to describe the amount of wood that can be loaded into a pickup.
|Length x Height x Wide(inch)||Length x Height x Depth(cm)|
|Face-cord Of Firewood||8' x 4' x 16''||244 x 122 x 41 cm|
|Half Face-cord Of Firewood||8' x 2' x 16''||244 x 61 x 41 cm|
|Half-cord Of Firewood||12' x 4' x 16''||366 x 122 x 41 cm|
|Full-cord Of Firewood||Three rows: 8' x 4' x 4"||Three rows: 244 x 122 x 122 cm|
Types of wood
Not all wood is the same; some types make much better firewood than others. Be sure you know which type of wood you are buying when comparing prices. Hardwoods are the best for home burning because they burn slowly and usually emit little smoke and few sparks. These include Ash, Maple, Black birch, Oak, Walnut, etc.
How to Measure a Cord of Wood
Wood is sold to consumers by the cord, but if you have never purchased wood before, you might be wondering what a cord of wood is. It is critical to know how to measure a cord of firewood before purchasing. Measuring from the stacks of wood you plan to buy is the safest way to know exactly what you are getting. You could follow the below steps and keep in mind specific considerations.
Choose your wood on the spot
If possible, avoid buying wood by telephone or online. Visit the supplier yard yourself, and taking your measurements is essential to get high-quality products. If you cannot measure the wood yourself or see it before you buy it, at least choose a famous seller with a positive reputation. After you receive the wood, take your measurements to make sure everything is fine.
Measure the length and height
Take a tape measure or yardstick and measure the height and length of the entire pile. The length should be 8 feet (2.4 m) for both full cords and face cords, and the height should be 4 feet (1.2 m). The exact length and height can vary when you purchase a thrown cord, but you should still measure these dimensions and check them against the measurements listed by the seller.
Measure the depth of the pile
Take your tape measure or yardstick and measure the depth of the pile.
- For full cords, the length must be 4 feet (1.2 m). For thrown cords, the length must bring the overall volume of the stack to 180 cubic feet (5.1 cubic meters) when multiplied by the measured height and length of the pile.
- If you are purchasing a face cord, keep this measurement on hand to use it to calculate the full cord value.
The most important thing is that when buying a cord of firewood you’re paying for a defined size and so whatever the size of logs the total amount of firewood received will always be the same.