Aconcagua is located at the northwestern tip of Mendoza Province, Argentina, near the border with Chile, at 32°39′ south latitude and 70° west longitude. With an altitude of 6962 meters, it becomes the highest peak in South America and the highest in the Western and Southern Hemispheres.
Aconcagua is a part of the southern Andes Mountains, and its peak is in northwestern Argentina, but it extends westward to the coastal lowlands north of Santiago, Chile. "Aconcagua" means "giant's watchtower" in the Hopi language.
The first person to reach the summit of Aconcagua was a Swiss climber, Matthias Zurbriggen, on January 14, 1897, and since then, countless mountaineers have challenged the summit of Aconcagua. Usually, people climb from the north of the mountain. The more difficult climbing route is from the south because it is very steep. Read the following post if you are interested in the highest mountain.
Aconcagua was formed by the orogeny of the Andes Mountains and is the highest extinct volcano on Earth. In 1897, humans climbed Aconcagua Peak for the first time. The investigation confirmed that it is composed of volcanic rocks. The mountain is conical in shape and has a concave crater on the top. After consulting the information about volcanic eruptions in the area, it was not found that it has erupted again after people, so it has become the highest extinct volcano recognized in the world.
Compared with other high mountains such as the Himalayas, Aconcagua is relatively easy to climb. Although the altitude is quite high, it is possible to reach the top without an oxygen tank. At present, climbing Aconcagua Mountain requires an application for an entry permit. The price varies according to the season and is issued by the Aconcagua Park Management Office in Mendoza Province. According to the Park Service, 3,000 people climb Mount Aconcagua every year, and about 70 percent of them can reach the top.
|Location||National Route No. 7, 185 km from Mendoza Capital.|
|Altitude||22,831 feet (6,959 metres)|
|Climbing Season||From November 15 to April 30 of the following year|
Elevation of Aconcagua
Aconcagua is widely accepted as the highest peak in the Western Hemisphere, but its precise elevation has been debated since the early 20th century. The Military Geographical Institute of Argentina documents its highest summit as 22,831 feet (6,959 meters) above sea level, a figure that has been in general use. In January 2001 a team of scientists led by Italian geologist Giorgio Poretti measured Aconcagua’s height using advanced GPS technology and reported an elevation of 22,840 feet (6,962 metres). And the southern summit has been measured at 22,736 feet (6,930 meters).
Gology and Landform
It is formed by the fold and uplift of the tertiary sedimentary rock layers, accompanied by magmatic intrusion and volcanism, and the peak is relatively flat, mainly composed of volcanic rocks. Due to the low latitude, the summit is close to a polar climate. It is surrounded by countless peaks, large and small, and these peaks are generally above 20,000 feet (about 6,096 meters) above sea level. The surrounding depressions are as high as 3962.4 meters, with a charming desert landscape, where a wide variety of animals and plants thrive.
The snow line on the east and south sides is 4,500 meters, and the thickness of snow is about 90 meters. Many modern glaciers develop there, among which the Fitzgerald Glacier is 11.2 kilometers long, ending at the Orcones River and then flowing into the Mendoza River. The west side of the peak has less precipitation and no snow all year round. There are many hot springs at the foot of the mountain, and the nearby famous natural wonder Inca Bridge is a resort for health care and tourism.
The "Colossus of America" is the goal of climbers from all over the world as well as an attraction to thousands of tourists per year who come enjoy its natural beauty and treasure this unique and magnificent experience.
The "Aconcagua Mountain Provincial Park" is one of the three high-mountain parks in Mendoza, along with Tupungato volcano and Diamante lagoon. This lagoon is home to a wide range of indigenous animals and wild plants. The natrual park was created by Law 4807 on November 28, 1990, and is located in the district of Las Heras and comprises 71,000 hectares. The official visiting season for visits goes from November 15 to March 15.
Climbers usually start at the Inca Bridge and climb west through the barren hills of O'Connes Valley. There are three camps. In addition, another route to the summit is crossed by the Polish Glacier of Mount Aconcagua, where there are camps to rest. Reach the top of Aconcagua, you can overlook the longest mountain in the world, the Andes, which is three times longer than the Himalayas, and immerse yourself in the embrace of nature; Aconcagua is covered with weathered rocks and white snow and clouds.